Going on day 4 now of rioting in London...and it's only gotten worse. Welcome to the home of the 2012 Olympics everyone. Enjoy your stay!
London Riots: Fires Spread on Third Night of Violence
By William Lee Adams and Nick Assinder / London
Tuesday, Aug. 09, 2011
Not since the blitz during World War II have so many fires raged in London so intensely at one time. It started with a riot in the working class, multi-racial borough of Tottenham in North London on Saturday night, sparked by peaceful protests at the police shooting of a man from a notorious local estate. By the early hours of Tuesday morning, Britain's capital was in chaos as gangs of rioters rampaged through high streets across the city, torching businesses and homes, looting stores and attacking lines of police who were struggling — and largely failing — to stop the violence from spreading. Liverpool, Manchester and Birmingham weren't far behind; within three days, the London crisis was a national one.
In a statement released on Tuesday morning, London's Metropolitan Police Service described the violence on the evening of Aug. 8 as the worst in living memory. Six thousand police took to the streets. They made more than 200 arrests overnight, bringing the total to more than 450 since rioting kicked off on Aug. 6. Forty-four police sustained injuries on Monday night; one officer broke several bones after a car drove into him. Fourteen members of the public are also known to have been hurt, including a man in his 60s who sustained "life threatening head injuries." Over the 24-hour period ending at 9.00 a.m. this morning, police had received around 21,000 emergency calls — 400% more than normal. (See photos of the London riots.)
Those calls came from across the capital, as apparently spontaneous eruptions of violence and arson hit areas as far apart as Clapham in the south of the city, Ealing in the west and Hackney in the east. The only common factor seemed to be that each incident involved high streets attractive to gangs of looters. Any notion that the violence would remain a small, localized eruption of anger over an isolated incident, confined to an area with plenty of social problems, poverty and disengagement, was brutally dispelled as the rioters, communicating through BlackBerry messaging and twitter accounts, moved from borough to borough, from inner-city Peckham to suburban Croydon. There, a 26-year old man was found with a gun shot wound and remains in serious condition.
The first escalation started on Monday afternoon in Hackney, a poor, ethnically diverse borough with low home ownership, high welfare dependency and large housing estates — the classic profile for tension, according to previous experience. Hackney's main shopping street became a battleground between police and rioters who smashed into boarded-up shops to escape with whatever they could carry, with clothes and sneakers a particular target. Near the Pembury Estate housing project, four youths beat a photographer who they accused of being with the "feds," while others threw bricks and stones at police. Accounts from witnesses suggest a growing number of women are participating in the violence. (See "London Riots: A Blast from the Past or a Glimpse of the Future?")
But, even as politicians and community leaders debated whether the riots were the latest, inevitable result of social exclusion and government spending cuts, news broke later that evening of an eruption in Ealing, a relatively affluent, leafy middle-class area in the west of the city. Then it was Croydon, many miles south of Hackney and not a neighborhood usually seen as a tinderbox. Reports of violence followed from across London — Camden Town, Waltham Abbey, Brixton, Notting Hill — as borough after borough, with little to link them, fell victim to the chaos and arson.
Throughout the evening, local residents voiced concerns over what they perceive as a lackluster response from police. "My neighbor's house is on fire. It's absolutely bedlam on the streets," a frantic onlooker told news crews near a fire in Clapham, a neighborhood increasingly popular with young families. "People have been openly looting this area for the one or two hours since I got here and the police have been ineffectual. They've done nothing." In the absence of a more robust police response, one video shows looters calmly sizing up various stores and deciding what they'd like to steal. In Croydon, a fire at a furniture store grew larger and larger as the nation watched on television. Fire crews were delayed arriving because the police could not guarantee their safety.
Theresa May, the Home Secretary, flew back from her summer holiday in Switzerland yesterday afternoon to deal with the crisis. She ruled out both sending the army onto the streets and deploying water cannons to disperse the crowds, a move advocated by London's former mayor Ken Livingstone. Authorities have used the high-pressure spray to control mobs in Northern Ireland, but they have never utilized them on the mainland. "The way we police in Britain is not through use of water cannon," May told Sky News. "The way we police in Britain is through consent of communities." Fresh in her mind, no doubt, is the lingering criticism of the police force's response to the G20 protests in 2009. Britain's high court ruled in April that Met police broke the law when they surrounded and cordoned off large crowds of protesters — including non-violent ones — for extended periods of time (a police tactic known as "kettling"). A police officer also faces trial this October after Ian Tomlinson, a protestor he allegedly pushed to the ground, collapsed and died shortly afterwards.
As the violence spreads beyond London, and police resources grow even more strained, May will face mounting pressure to call out the cannons. Fellow politicians have already spoken in favor of harsher tactics. "I find it strange that we are willing to use these sort of measures against the Irish, yet when Englishmen step out of line and behave in this atrocious and appalling way, we are happy to mollycoddle them," Patrick Mercer, a Conservative MP and former army officer, told the Daily Telegraph
. "If the police want cannons then they should be allowed to use them. I have used water cannons myself and I found them extremely effective." (See videos of the London riots.)
Even without the cannons, though, the police response appears to be toughening. In Clapham, forces deployed armored vehicles known as Jankels in the early hours of Tuesday morning to drive off a crowd of 150 looters who had broken into local shops. And a few hours later, during his first televised comments on the matter, Prime Minister David Cameron had a clear message for the arsonists, looters, and vandals attacking their own country. "You will feel the force of the law," he said. "If you are old enough to commit these crimes, you are old enough to face the punishment."
See more on Britain's student riots.
See "Riots and Royals: Protests and Britain's Self-Image."